The Truth About Homework - Alfie Kohn

 

alfie kohn on homework

Rethinking Homework. By Alfie Kohn [For a more detailed look at the issues discussed here — including a comprehensive list of citations to relevant research and a discussion of successful efforts to effect change– please see the book The Homework Myth.] After spending most of the day in school, children are typically given additional assignments to be completed at home. Alfie Kohn (born October 15, ) is an American author and lecturer in the areas of education, parenting, and human behavior. He is a proponent of progressive education and has offered critiques of many traditional aspects of parenting, managing, and American society more generally, drawing in each case from social science makbitas.gq: October 15, (age 61), Miami Beach, . Alfie Kohn, Contributor. Author and lecturer on education, parenting, and human behavior. Homework: New Research Suggests It May Be an Unnecessary Evil. 11/25/ pm ET Updated Jan 25, The better the research, the less likely one is to find any benefits from makbitas.gq: Alfie Kohn.


Rethinking Homework - Alfie Kohn


Huge schools are still being built even though we know that students tend to fare better in smaller places that lend themselves to the creation of democratic caring communities. Many children who are failed by the academic status quo are forced to repeat a grade even though research shows that this is just about the worst course of action for them, alfie kohn on homework.

To begin with, I discovered that decades of investigation have failed to turn up any evidence that homework is alfie kohn on homework for students in elementary school. The only effect that does show up is alfie kohn on homework negative attitudes on the part of students who get more assignments. The results of national and international exams raise further doubts.

Nevertheless, the overwhelming majority of American schools — elementary and secondary, public and private — continue to require their students to work a second shift by bringing academic alfie kohn on homework home.

Not only is this requirement accepted uncritically, but alfie kohn on homework amount of homework is growing, particularly in the early grades. A large, long-term national survey found that the proportion of six- to-eight-year-old children who reported having homework on a given day had climbed from 34 percent in to 58 percent in — and the weekly time spent studying at home more than doubled.

Sandra Hofferth of the University of Maryland, alfie kohn on homework, one of the authors of that study, has just released an update based on data. Now the proportion of young children who had homework on a specific day jumped to 64 percent, and the amount of time they spent on it climbed by alfie kohn on homework third. So why do we do something where the cons stress, frustration, family conflict, alfie kohn on homework of time for other activities, alfie kohn on homework, a possible diminution of interest in learning so clearly outweigh the pros?

Consider the assumption that homework should be beneficial just because it gives students more time to master a topic or skill. Plenty of pundits rely on this premise when they call for extending the school day or year. Indeed, homework can be seen as a way of prolonging the school day on the cheap. Unfortunately, this reasoning turns out to be woefully simplistic.

Anderson and his colleagues explain. In fact, more hours are least likely to produce better outcomes when understanding or creativity is involved. But what exactly does this mean? The answer is behavioral responses. But to cite an example like that to justify homework is an example of what philosophers call begging the question.

It assumes precisely what has to be proved, which is that intellectual pursuits are like tennis. Watson was formulating his theory that would come to dominate education, a much less famous researcher named William Brownell was challenging the drill-and-practice approach to mathematics that had already taken root.

Repetition does not lead to understandings. People spend their lives actively constructing theories about how the world works, and then reconstructing them in light of new evidence.

Lots of practice can help some students get better at remembering an answer, but not to get better at — or even accustomed to — thinking. At the same time, other students in the same class already have the skill down cold, so further practice for them is a waste of time. In my research I found a number of superb teachers at different grade levels and with diverse instructional styles who rarely, if ever, found it necessary to assign homework.

And when an activity feels like drudgery, the quality of learning tends to suffer, too. Children cannot be made to acquire skills.

On the other hand, alfie kohn on homework, the more we learn about learning, the more willing we may be to challenge the idea that homework has to be part of schooling. This article may be downloaded, reproduced, and distributed without permission as long as each copy includes this notice along with citation information i.

Permission must be obtained in order to reprint this article in a published work or in order to offer it for sale in any form.

 

Homework: New Research Suggests It May Be an Unnecessary Evil | HuffPost

 

alfie kohn on homework

 

Rethinking Homework. By Alfie Kohn [For a more detailed look at the issues discussed here — including a comprehensive list of citations to relevant research and a discussion of successful efforts to effect change– please see the book The Homework Myth.] After spending most of the day in school, children are typically given additional assignments to be completed at home. Alfie Kohn, Contributor. Author and lecturer on education, parenting, and human behavior. Homework: New Research Suggests It May Be an Unnecessary Evil. 11/25/ pm ET Updated Jan 25, The better the research, the less likely one is to find any benefits from makbitas.gq: Alfie Kohn. Alfie Kohn (born October 15, ) is an American author and lecturer in the areas of education, parenting, and human behavior. He is a proponent of progressive education and has offered critiques of many traditional aspects of parenting, managing, and American society more generally, drawing in each case from social science makbitas.gq: October 15, (age 61), Miami Beach, .