Ethnicity vs Race - Difference and Comparison | Diffen


articles on race and ethnicity

The official journal of ASA’s Section for Racial and Ethnic Minorities, Sociology of Race and Ethnicity publishes the highest quality, cutting-edge sociological research on race and ethnicity regardless of epistemological, methodological, or theoretical orientation. The traditional definition of race and ethnicity is related to biological and sociological factors respectively. Race refers to a person's physical characteristics, such as bone structure and skin, hair, or eye color. Ethnicity, however, refers to cultural factors, including nationality, regional. Jun 16,  · Social scientists continue to study the impact of racial issues across diverse areas, from the way economic scarcity can influence perceptions; to issues of law enforcement and criminal justice; to the way race can shape the mechanisms of policy and politics. Below is a selection of research on race, ethnicity and identity in the United Leighton Walter Kille, John Wihbey.

Race and Ethnicity | Psychology Today

The sociology of race and ethnicity is a large and vibrant subfield within sociology in which researchers and theorists focus on the ways that social, political, and economic relations interact with race and ethnicity in a given society, region, or community. Topics and methods in this subfield are articles on race and ethnicity, and the development of the field dates back to the early 20th century.

The sociology of race and ethnicity began to take shape in the late 19th century. The American sociologist W. Du Boiswho was the first African American to earn a Ph.

However, the subfield today differs greatly from its early stages. When early American sociologists focused on race and ethnicity, du Bois excepted, they tended to focus on the concepts of integration, acculturationand assimilationin keeping with the view of the U. As more people of color and women became social scientists throughout the twentieth century, they created and developed theoretical perspectives that differed from the normative approach in sociology, and crafted research from different standpoints that shifted the analytic focus from particular populations to social relations and the social system.

Today, sociologists within the subfield of race and ethnicity focus on areas including racial and ethnic identities, social relations and interactions within and across racial and ethnic lines, racial and ethnic stratification and segregation, culture and worldview and how these relate to race, and power and inequality relative to majority and minority statuses in society. But, before we learn more about this subfield, it's important to have a clear understanding of how sociologists define race and ethnicity.

Most readers have an understanding of what race is and means in U. Race refers to how we categorize people by skin color and phenotype—certain physical facial features that are shared to a certain degree by a given group. Common racial categories that most people would recognize in the U. But the tricky bit is that there is absolutely no biological determinant of race. Instead, sociologists recognize that our idea of race and racial categories are social constructs that are unstable and shifting, and that can be articles on race and ethnicity to have changed over time in relation to historical and political events.

We also recognize race as defined in large part by context. Ethnicity is likely a bit more difficult to explain for most people. Unlike race, articles on race and ethnicity, which is primarily seen and understood on the basis of skin color and phenotype, ethnicity does not necessarily provide visual cues.

An ethnic group does not exist simply because of the common national or cultural origins of the group, however. For example, prior to immigration to the U. Within a racial group, there can be several ethnic groups, articles on race and ethnicity. For example, a white American might identify as part of a variety of ethnic groups including German American, Polish American, and Irish American, among others.

Other examples of ethnic groups within the U. Sociologists of race and ethnicity study just about anything one could imagine, but some core topics within the subfield include the following. The sociology of race and ethnicity is a vibrant subfield that hosts a wealth and diversity of research and theory.

Share Flipboard Email. Early American sociologist W. This concept refers to the way in which people of color in predominantly white societies and spaces and ethnic minorities have the experience of seeing themselves through their own eyes, but also of seeing themselves as "other" through the eyes of the white majority. This results in a conflicting and often distressing experience of the process of identity formation.

Racial formation theorydeveloped by sociologists Howard Winant and Michael Omi, frames race as an unstable, articles on race and ethnicity, ever-evolving social construct that articles on race and ethnicity tied to historical and political events.

They assert that differing " racial projects " that seek to define race and racial categories are engaged in constant competition to give the dominant meaning to race. Their theory illuminates how race has been and continues to be a politically contested social construct, upon which is granted access articles on race and ethnicity rights, resources, and power. The theory of systemic racismdeveloped by sociologist Joe Feagin, is an important and widely used theory of race and racism that has gained particular traction since the rise of the BlackLivesMatter movement, articles on race and ethnicity.

Feagin's theory, rooted in historical documentation, asserts that racism was built into the very foundation of U. Connecting economic wealth and impoverishment, politics and disenfranchisement, racism within institutions like schools and media, to racist assumptions and ideas, Feagin's theory is a roadmap for understanding the origins of racism in the U.

The concept refers to the necessity of considering the different social categories and forces that race interacts with as people experience the world, articles on race and ethnicity but not limited to gender, economic class, sexuality, culture, ethnicity, articles on race and ethnicity, and ability.

How race and ethnicity shape the process of identity formation for individuals and communities, like for example the complicated process of creating a racial identity as a mixed-race person. How racism manifests in everyday articles on race and ethnicity and shapes one's life trajectory.

For example, how racial biases affect student-teacher interaction from elementary school to university and graduate schooland how skin color affects perceived intelligence. The relationship between race and the police and the criminal justice system, including how race and racism affect policing tactics and arrest rates, sentencing, incarceration rates, and life after parole. Inmany sociologists came together to create The Ferguson Syllabuswhich is a reading list and teaching tool for understanding the long history and contemporary aspects of these issues.

Thanks largely to scholar Peggy McIntosh, who helped people understand the concept of white privilegewhat it means to be white, who can be considered white, and how whiteness fits within the social structure is a vibrant topic of study. Continue Reading.


What Is The Difference Between Race And Ethnicity? -


articles on race and ethnicity


Apr 25,  · The members of a particular ethnicity tend to identify with each other based on these shared cultural traits. This term is considered anthropological in nature because it is based on learned behaviors. Difference Between Race And Ethnicity. One example of the difference between these two terms is by examining people who share the same Amber Pariona. The official journal of ASA’s Section for Racial and Ethnic Minorities, Sociology of Race and Ethnicity publishes the highest quality, cutting-edge sociological research on race and ethnicity regardless of epistemological, methodological, or theoretical orientation. Race Ethnicity and Education. Impact Factor. race, academic performance, and post-secondary confirmation in a Toronto high school cohort, Latest Articles. Published online: 4 Apr Article Managing diversity: academic’s perspective on culture and teaching.